IU political science chair Gerald Wright presented his research on polarization between political parties at Bear’s Place’s Science Café. Science Café is a community event featuring talks by scientists, who discuss topics related to their research with the public.
Professor Aurelian Craiutu's new book, Faces of Moderation: The Art of Balance in an Age of Extremes has just been released by University of Pennsylvania Press. http://www.upenn.edu/pennpress/book/15561.html
The book was cited and discussed by Peter Wehner in his op-ed "One Way Not to Be Like Trump" in the Sunday edition of the New York Times (December 18, 2016): http://mobile.nytimes.com/2016/12/17/opinion/sunday/one-way-not-to-be-like-trump.html?ref=opinion&_r=0&referer=https://t.co/tZE2IJ5w24
The Tocqueville Program at Indiana University had a special guest in our new series on civil society and voluntary associations: Tun Myint, Associate Professor of Political Science at Carleton College, one of Elinor Ostrom's former students in Bloomington.Tun, who is a native of Burma who remains closely connected with the efforts at democratization in his home country, spoke about a remarkable case of grassroots mobilization in Thailand in the 1990s, "Citizen Science in a Democracy: The Case of Thai Baan Research." He delivered a splendid presentation that reminded all of us what made the Ostrom Workshop so special ten years ago! He spoke of tacit and local knowledge and the art of not being governed (reminiscent of James C. Scott's work). Our next speakers this semester will be (on September 23) Robert Gannett, a community organizer in Chicago and a former student of Francois Furet who wrote the best book on Tocqueville's The Old Regime and the Revolution and (on October 21), Geoffrey Kabaservice, the author of Rule and Ruin, a splendid book that explained the disappeareance of moderation in the GOP since the 1960s.
Would Clinton really appoint a cabinet that's half women and half men?
Though more than 100 countries have adopted gender quotas, the effects of these reforms on women's political leadership are largely unknown. We exploit a natural experiment—a 50–50 quota imposed by the national board of the Swedish Social Democratic Party on 290 municipal branches—to examine quotas’ influence on women's selection to, and survival in, top political posts. We find that those municipalities where the quota had a larger impact became more likely to select (but not reappoint) female leaders. Extending this analysis, we show that the quota increased the number of women perceived as qualified for these positions. Our findings support the notion that quotas can have an acceleration effect on women's representation in leadership positions, particularly when they augment the pool of female candidates for these posts. These results help dispel the myth that quotas trade short-term gains in women's descriptive representation for long-term exclusion from political power.
Princeton University Press has just released the paperback edition of Aurelian Craiutu's A Virtue for Courageous Minds: Moderation in French Political Thought, 1748-1830. Drawing on a broad range of writings in political theory, the history of political thought, philosophy, and law, A Virtue for Courageous Minds reveals how the virtue of political moderation can address the profound complexities of the world today.
IU Faculty, including Timothy Hellwig and affiliated faculty Padraic Kenney, observe Brexit vote and consider its aftermath.
This article analyzes how the public perceives the Supreme Court's decision-making in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. (2014) and National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius (2012). Using theories of motivated reasoning and cognitive dissonance, I hypothesize that whether an individual approves or disapproves of the Court's decision will influence how they perceive the Court's decision-making. Specifically, those who approve of the Court's decision are more likely to be motivated to perceive the Court's decision-making in a legalistic fashion. However, those who disapprove of the decision are more likely to be motivated to perceive the Court's decision-making in a non-legalistic fashion. I find support for these hypotheses in analysis of both cases. The results presented in this article suggest that scholars need to consider how the public reacts to individual Court cases when studying how the public perceives the Court's decision-making. Further, these findings help explain the growing literature that finds individuals perceive the Court as less legitimate when the Court rules contrary to their interests.
Indiana University Bloomington Provost and Executive Vice President Lauren Robel has presented the Provost's Medal to Jean Robinson, a political scientist who has served the campus in many roles, currently as associate executive dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.
In Defense of Moderation - David Zaretsky quotes Professor Aurelian Craiutu's book, A Virtue for Courageous Minds...
Assistant Professor Bernard Fraga published in the American Journal of Political Science. Candidates or Districts? Reevaluating the Role of Race in Voter Turnout
Abstract: Leading theories of race and participation posit that minority voters are mobilized by co-ethnic candidates. However, past studies are unable to disentangle candidate effects from factors associated with the places from which candidates emerge. I reevaluate the links between candidate race, district composition, and turnout by leveraging a nationwide database of over 185 million individual registration records, including estimates for the race of every voter. Combining these records with detailed information about 3,000 recent congressional primary and general election candidates, I find that minority turnout is not higher in districts with minority candidates, after accounting for the relative size of the ethnic group within a district. Instead, Black and Latino citizens are more likely to vote in both primary and general elections as their share of the population increases, regardless of candidate race.
He also recently published in The Journal of Politics. Redistrciting and the Causal Impact of Race of Voter Turnout
Abstract: Recent work challenges traditional understandings of the link between race and voter turnout, suggesting that there is limited evidence of increased minority voting due to co-ethnic representation and majority-minority districts. Here I examine 65.3 million registration records from 10 states to trace individual-level participation before and after the 2012 round of redistricting, testing whether a shift in congressional representation, candidacy, and/or district ethnic composition affected an individual’s decision to participate. Separating results for non-Hispanic white, black, Latino, and Asian American registrants, I find that individuals change their behavior in response to ethnoracial context, with African Americans more likely to vote when assigned to majority-black districts with black candidates or incumbents. White and Asian registrants also turn out in higher numbers when a co-ethnic candidate is on the ballot, but Latinos may be less likely to vote in the short term when assigned to majority-Latino districts.
This special issue of Business and Politics will examine complex interlinkages between financial intermediaries, risk, and network dynamics.
In October 2012 the Danish Socialist People's Party chose Annette Vilhelmsen as its leader. With her ascension to power, women simultaneously headed all three of Denmark's governing parties for the first time. Though an exclusively female-led coalition government remains exceptional, in developed democracies the number of female prime ministers and party leaders has grown in recent years. Since 2000, women have governed in Denmark, Germany, Finland, Iceland, New Zealand, and Australia and have commanded coalition partner parties in Austria, Ireland, and Sweden. Just as there are now more female leaders, governments are also nominating more women to cabinets than ever before. Women recently held half of all ministerial posts in Finland, Iceland, Sweden, and Spain. Female ministers are also serving in high-prestige portfolios from which they were traditionally excluded, including finance and foreign affairs.
How do voters decide? Do they take everything into account that happened over the government’s time in office? Or do they rely only on the recent past? Timothy Hellwig and Dani M. Marinova report that voters, counter to conventional understandings, are not so short-sighted. Their analysis of vote intentions in the run up to the 2012 presidential election reveals that voters are no more accurate in assessing economic performance over the short term compared to the long term. Voters, it turns out, are more misinformed than short-sighted.