The World Politics Research Seminar
The World Politics Research Seminar is a regular faculty symposium on research-in-progress in Comparative Politics, International Relations, Political Economy, and related fields. It is organized within the Department of Political Science but we are eager for faculty of other units on the Bloomington campus to attend, participate, and present their work. Seminar papers are invited for inclusion in the WPRS Working Paper Series. Faculty members who are interested in joining the WPRS listserv or presenting their work should contact Will Winecoff.
Friday, February 17th, 11:00 a.m. in Woodburn 218
"Without a Trace: Enforced Disappearance as a Strategy During Armed Conflict"
AUTHOR: Cyanne LoyleDISCUSSANT: Will Winecoff
ABSTRACT:While recent attention in conflict studies has been drawn to government and rebel targeting of civilians through discriminate and indiscriminate tactics, little work has directly investigated the use of enforced disappearance—the secret abduction and/or imprisonment of an individual followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person’s fate or whereabouts. This behavior is a form of repression used by both states and rebel groups which can have devastating post-conflict effects on the families of the disappeared and their communities. In this study, I investigate the tactic of enforced disappearance during armed conflict using subnational data on over 1,800 disappearances during the civil war in Nepal between the government and the Maoists. I demonstrate that the use of this tactic varies according to the state reach in a given area. In particular, I find that enforced disappearances are more likely in areas of conflict where the state has little formal presence or ability to gather intelligence. This finding has important implications for the prevention of disappearance as a strategic tool during armed conflict.
Cyanne Loyle is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Indiana University and the 2016-17 Leonard and Sophie Davis Fellow for the Prevention of Genocide at the Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide at the United States Holocaust Museum. Her current work focuses on transitional justice adopted both during and after armed conflict. Her research has been published in the Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Human Rights, Conflict Management and Peace Science, Journal of Peace Research, and other outlets. More information about her research can be found at http://www.cyanneloyle.com/.
Friday, March 3rd, 11:00 a.m. in Woodburn 218
"Selling a Deal: Economics, Security, and Individual-level Preferences for Trade Agreements"
AUTHOR: Katja Kleinberg (Binghamton University, SUNY), with Matthew DiGiuseppe (University of Mississippi)DISCUSSANT: TBD
ABSTRACT: Empirical research on the determinants of individual-level support for trade liberalization has focused almost entirely on the economic effects of trade. Yet international relations scholarship has long recognized that commerce also has a variety of security implications. While economic arguments are ubiquitous in public debates over trade, security concerns are raised more infrequently. Our goal is to contribute to our understanding of the role of competitive framing, a hallmark of democratic politics, in foreign policy public opinion. In this study, we ask two questions: First, to what extent do expectations about the security implications of trade affect individual-level attitudes toward trade agreements? Second, does framing debates over trade agreements in security terms influence how heavily individuals weigh economic costs and benefits? Put another way, once debates over a trade agreement move beyond jobs and growth, does security trump economics? We employ an original experiment embedded in a conjoint survey to investigate the relative impact of a variety of economic and security considerations on respondents’ support for trade. Our findings suggest that security framing undermines the appeal of some, though not all, economic arguments for trade liberalization among our respondents. To the extent that these results hold more broadly, policymakers and other elites may have some, albeit limited leeway in shaping public opinion on international commerce.
Katja Kleinberg is Associate Professor of Political Science at Binghamton University, SUNY. Her research interests include economic interdependence and interstate conflict, public opinion on foreign policy, and international political economy. Her work has been published in Journal of Politics, International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, and other journals. More information about her work can be found at http://www.katjakleinberg.com/.
Friday, April 14th, 11:00 a.m. in Woodburn 218
"Power Sharing and Foreign Direct Investment in Post-Civil War States: Inadvertent Signals as Positive Externalities"
AUTHOR:Carolyn Hartzell (Gettysburg College), with Joshua Alley (Texas A&M)DISCUSSANT: Cyanne Loyle
ABSTRACT:We hypothesize that countries that adopt extensive power-sharing measures as part of an agreement to end a civil war will see higher levels of FDI in the years following the end of the conflict than those countries that do not adopt such measures. Larger FDI inflows are a positive externality, an unintended consequence of power-sharing agreements designed to stabilize the post-conflict environment by addressing feelings of insecurity and exclusion on the part of warring groups. Although the parties that agree to power-sharing measures as part of a civil war settlement do not do so in order to attract FDI to the country, our theory identifies institutional and informational features associated with power-sharing settlements that reduce foreign investors’ perceptions of political risk. Peace agreements that include a range of power-sharing measures thus serve as inadvertent signals to foreign capital. We test the validity of this claim using data on post-conflict FDI in 43 states for 1970-2006. Accounting for the potential for non-random selection into power-sharing agreements, we find that extensive power sharing increases FDI inflows.
Caroline Hartzell is a Professor in the Political Science Department and was the founding director of the College's Globalization Studies program at Gettysburg College. Her research focuses on cross-national civil war settlements and the effects institutions, both domestic and international, have on social conflict. She has published numerous journal articles on the effects that power-sharing settlements of civil wars have on the duration and quality of the peace, as well as co-authored and co-edited books on those topics. She is the author (with Matthew Hoodie) of Crafting Peace: Power Sharing Institutions and the Negotiated Resolution of Civil Wars (Penn State University Press 2007) and articles in Journal of Conflict Resolution, International Organization, Journal of Peace Research, World Politics, and other outlets. She also edits the journal Conflict Management and Peace Science. More information about her work can be found at http://www.carolinehartzell.com/.